Archive for the ‘Windows 7’ category

How to Find Unsigned Drivers in Windows 10 / 8 / 7

October 10th, 2017 by Admin

Device drivers are critical system files that include a digital signature. When a signed driver has been tampered with or corrupted, the signature becomes invalid and the driver is then unsigned. Unsigned drivers can cause system instability. In this tutorial we’ll show you how to quickly find unsigned drivers in Windows 10 / 8 / 7.

How to Find Unsigned Drivers in Windows 10 / 8 / 7?

  1. Press the Windows + R keys to open the Run dialog box. Type sigverif and click OK.

  2. When the File Signature Verification utility opens, click Start.

  3. It will scan your entire system for unsigned drivers.

  4. After the scan completes, it will display a list of any unsigned drivers you have installed on your computer.

While unsigned drivers don’t necessarily have to be problematic or malicious, it makes sense to check the system for those so you can uninstall them or find a updated signed driver.

How to Disable F1 Key from Opening Help in Windows 10 / 8 / 7

October 10th, 2017 by Admin

How can I stop F1 key from opening Windows Help when gaming? In Windows 8 and 7, pressing F1 key opens Windows Help and Support by default. If you’re using Windows 10, pressing F1 will open a browser window and search for “how to get help in windows 10” on Bing. It can be really annoying when you keep hitting the F1 key accidentally. Here is the best way to disable F1 key from opening help in Windows 10 / 8 / 7.

How to Disable F1 Key from Opening Help in Windows 10 / 8 / 7?

  1. Download the registry fix from this link. It is a zip archive which contains two .reg files.
  2. Next, double-click the disable-f1-key-for-help.reg file to import/merge its contents to the registry.
  3. This registry changes take effect without restart. Now press F1 key will no longer open the Help window in Windows.

Note: this wouldn’t prevent F1 key from working in a game or third-party programs.

How to Turn On / Off File and Printer Sharing in Windows 10 / 8 / 7

September 27th, 2017 by Admin

File and Printer Sharing is a network feature that allows Windows users to share local files and printer with other computers on a network. This is really useful on home network but it can be a security concern on public network. In this tutorial we’ll show you 3 easy ways to turn on or off file and printer sharing in Windows 10 / 8 / 7.

Method 1: Turn On / Off File and Printer Sharing through Control Panel

  1. Open Control Panel. Click the View by option at the top right, and set it to Large icons. Next, click Network and Sharing Center.

  2. Click on the Change advanced sharing settings link on the left side.

  3. Expand the network profile you’re using, select either Turn on file and printer sharing or Turn off file and printer sharing. Click on Save changes when done.

You can configure Windows to turn on file and printer sharing on private network, while choosing to turn off file and printer sharing when your network is set to Guest or Public.

Method 2: Turn On / Off File and Printer Sharing Using Command Prompt

Open the Command Prompt as administrator. Copy and paste the following command and hit Enter. This will turn on file and printer sharing for all network profiles.

netsh advfirewall firewall set rule group="File and Printer Sharing" new enable=Yes

If you want to turn off file and printer sharing for all network profiles, type this command instead:

netsh advfirewall firewall set rule group="File and Printer Sharing" new enable=No

Method 3: Turn On / Off File and Printer Sharing Using PowerShell

Open Windows PowerShell as administrator. Copy and paste the command below to enable file and printer sharing for all network profiles:

Set-NetFirewallRule -DisplayGroup "File And Printer Sharing" -Enabled True

Or disable file and printer sharing:
Set-NetFirewallRule -DisplayGroup "File And Printer Sharing" -Enabled False

Reset Notepad to Default Settings in Windows 10 / 8 / 7

September 2nd, 2017 by Admin

Notepad is a built-in basic text editor that’s been part of Windows for a very long time. You’ve probably customize the default font, font size, window size or word wrap in Notepad, but now you want to reset Notepad to its default settings. Luckily, there is simple registry hack that can reset Notepad completely back to all default settings in Windows 10 / 8 / 7.

How to Reset Notepad to Default Settings in Windows 10 / 8 / 7?

  1. Press the Windows key + R to open the Run command box. Type regedit and press Enter.

  2. When Registry Editor is launched, navigate to the following key:

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Notepad

  3. Right-click on the Notepad key in the left pane, and then select Delete from the pop-up menu.

  4. Click Yes to confirm your operation. All your saved settings in Notepad will be deleted. Your Notepad will be back to the default settings on the next run.

Fix: Windows Couldn’t connect to the Group Policy Client Service

August 29th, 2017 by Admin

When you try to log into a standard user account, it may come up with a message saying: “Windows couldn’t connect to the Group Policy Client service. Please consult your administrator.

If you’re facing this problem, you have come to the right place! In this tutorial we’ll show you effective ways to fix the error “Windows couldn’t connect to the Group Policy Client service” in Windows 10, 8 and 7.

Method 1: Perform a System Repair

  1. Open the Command Prompt as Administrator.
  2. Run the following commands one by one to scan for corrupt system files on your computer and repair them.

    Dism /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth
    sfc /scannow

  3. Execute this command to reset winsock catalog back to default setting or clean state.

    netsh winsock reset

  4. You will then be asked to restart your computer, after which the issue is hopefully resolved.

Method 2: Fix the Registry Settings

  1. Press the Win + R keys to open the Run box. Type regedit and hit Enter to open the Registry Editor.
  2. In the left pane of Registry Editor, navigate to following registry key:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\gpsvc

    You should see a DWORD value named Start in the right pane. Make sure its value is set to 2. If you need to modify its value, you have to take ownership of the registry key gpsvc firstly.

  3. Next, look for the ImagePath string which contains a service name we’ll use later. In my example, the service name is “netsvcs”. You may have a different name like “GPSvcGroup”.
  4. Now, navigate to the following key:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\SvcHost

    In the right pane, you should see a Multi-String named “netsvcs” (or “GPSvcGroup”). Double-click on it and make sure that ‘GPSvc’ is added into the list.

  5. Expand the SvcHost key in the left pane, and then click the “netsvcs” (or “GPSvcGroup”) subkey. Right-click an empty area in the right pane to create a DWORD (32-bit) value named AuthenticationCapabilities, give it a value of 12320 in decimal. Next, create another DWORD value called CoInitializeSecurityParam and set its value to 1.

  6. Once you complete all steps above, reboot the computer and the “Windows Couldn’t connect to the Group Policy Client Service” problem should be fixed.

How to Find Your Printer’s IP Address in Windows

August 27th, 2017 by Admin

How do I find the IP address of a printer on a network? Sometimes you may need to install the printer on a different computer, so you need to obtain your printer’s IP address. In this tutorial we’ll show you 2 simple ways to find out your printer’s IP address in Windows 10, 8 and 7.

Method 1: Find Printer’s IP Address via Configuration Sheet

If you have physical access to the printer, you can usually print the configuration page by pressing and holding a button (Power or Go) on the printer for about 5 to 10 seconds. You must find out the button/or combination of button by reading printer manual.

Some printers have the option to view the IP address directly from the system menu. For example, if you’re using HP Office Jet Pro 8600 printer, just go to the Home Screen -> Setup, then touch Reports and then select Network Configuration to see all of the printer’s network details.

Method 2: Find Printer’s IP Address in Windows

If you can find a computer with the printer installed, here is how you can find the IP address of a network printer in Windows 10, 8 and 7.

  1. Open the Control Panel and set the View by option to Large icons. Click Devices and Printers.

  2. Right-click on the printer installed on your PC, and then select Printer Properties from the menu that appears.

  3. In the Properties window, go to Ports tab. Select the port that has the check mark and click Configure Port.

  4. In the next screen, you should see the IP address in the “Printer Name or IP Address” text box. That’s it!

How to Disable Local Users and Groups (lusrmgr.msc) in Windows 10 / 8 / 7

August 16th, 2017 by Admin

How can I restrict access to Local Users and Groups MMC snap-in? In this tutorial we’ll show you 2 ways to disable Local Users and Groups (lusrmgr.msc) in Windows 10, 8 and 7. After disabling, you’ll find the Local Users and Groups is missing in Computer Management.

Method 1: Disable Local Users and Groups (lusrmgr.msc) Using Group Policy

  1. Press the Windows logo key + R to open the Run box. Type gpedit.msc and hit Enter.
  2. Navigate to the following path on the left side pane of Local Group Policy Editor:

    User Configuration -> Administrative Templates -> Windows Components -> Microsoft Management Console -> Restricted/Permitted snap-ins

  3. Now, on the right side window, double-click on the “Local Users and Groups” setting to modify.

  4. Select the Disabled option. Click Apply and then OK.

  5. The policy setting will take effect immediately. You’ll find Local Users and Groups not showing in computer management. If you try to open Local Users and Groups by using the lusrmgr.msc command, you’ll get this error message: “The snap-in below, referenced in this document, has been restricted by policy. Contact your administrator for details“.

Method 2: Disable Local Users and Groups (lusrmgr.msc) Using Registry Editor

  1. Press Windows Key + R on your keyboard to launch Run prompt. Enter regedit and hit Enter to open Registry Editor.
  2. Navigate to the following key:
    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Policies\Microsoft\MMC\{5D6179C8-17EC-11D1-9AA9-00C04FD8FE93}

    If the last two keys (MMC, {5D6179C8-17EC-11D1-9AA9-00C04FD8FE93}) don’t exist, you’ll need to create them manually.

  3. On the right side pane, right-click in the blank area and select New -> DWORD (32-bit) Value. Name it Restrict_Run, and give it a value of 1.

  4. Close Registry Editor and reboot your computer for the policy to take effect. If you want to enable Local Users and Groups snap-in again, just change the registry value of Restrict_Run to 0 and you’re done!

5 Ways to Set Password to Never Expire for Windows Local Account

August 10th, 2017 by Admin

My password has expired and now I am completely locked out of my computer? When you log into Windows, you might receive a message that says “Your password has expired and must be changed“. What to do if you forgot your old password or you get the access denied error when you try to change the password? In this tutorial we’ll show you 5 ways to set password to never expired for Windows local account.

Method 1: Set Windows Password to Never Expire Using Computer Management

Right-click the My Computer (This PC) icon on your desktop and then select Management from the pop-up menu.

When the Computer Management console launches, go to System Tools -> Local Users and Groups -> Users. Right-click on the user with an expired password in the middle pane and select Properties.

Check the “Password never expires” box and click OK.

When done, close the Computer Management and you can determine when the password of your Windows account will expire. Open a Command Prompt and type:

net user account_name

The output of this command will give you a lot of information about account. Just look for the line beginning with “Password expires” and you can see the password expiration date. In our example, it showed that the password of my account “pcunlocker” will never expire.

Method 2: Set Windows Password to Never Expire from Command Line

Open the Command Prompt as Administrator. Type the following command and press Enter. Replace “pcunlocker” with the name of your local account:

wmic useraccount where "Name='pcunlocker'" set PasswordExpires=false

Method 3: Set Windows Password to Never Expire Using PowerShell

Open the PowerShell as Administrator. You can use the Set-LocalUser cmdlet to modify a local user account and set its password to never expire:

Set-LocalUser -Name "pcunlocker" -PasswordNeverExpires 1

Method 4: Set Password to Never Expire for All Accounts Using Group Policy

Press the WIN + R keys to open the Run command box. Type secpol.msc and press Enter to open the Local Security Policy Editor. Go to Account Policies -> Password Policy, ensure the Maximum password age is set to 0, meaning that passwords never expire.

You can also apply the password expiration policy using command line. Follow these steps:
Open the Command Prompt as Administrator. Type the following command and hit Enter.

net accounts /maxpwage:unlimited

This will set password to never expire for all your Windows local accounts.

Method 5: Set Windows Password to Never Expire Using a Boot CD

If your Windows password is expired and unable to change password on the login screen, you’re completely locked out of your computer and all of the methods above won’t work for your case. Then you have to use a password utility called PCUnlocker, which can reset your forgotten Windows password, as well as setting your password to never expire.

To start, you need to make a PCUnlocker Live CD (or USB drive) from an accessible PC. Next boot your locked computer from the CD. Select the account with an expired password and click on “Reset Password” button. The program will remove your Windows password and disable password expiration for your account.

Reboot and eject the CD, you can then log into your Windows account with no warning of user password’s about to expire. That’s it!

How to Crack Windows 10, 8 and 7 Password with John the Ripper

August 7th, 2017 by Admin

Forgot the password to your Windows admin account? There are a lot of different reasons why one would want to hack a Windows password. This tutorial will show you how to use John the Ripper to crack Windows 10, 8 and 7 password on your own PC.

Step 1: Extract Hashes from Windows

Security Account Manager (SAM) is a database file in Windows 10/8/7/XP that stores user passwords in encrypted form, which could be located in the following directory:
C:\Windows\system32\config

The first thing we need to do is grab the password hashes from the SAM file. Just download the freeware PwDump7 and unzip it on your local PC.

Open a Command Prompt. Navigate to the folder where you extract the PwDump7 app, and then type the following command:
PwDump7.exe > d:\hash.txt

extract-windows-password-hashes

Once you press Enter, PwDump7 will grab the password hashes from your current system and save it into the file d:\hash.txt.

Step 2: Cracking Passwords with John the Ripper

As you can see the password hashes are still unreadable, and we need to crack them using John the Ripper. John the Ripper is one of the most popular password cracking tools available that can run on Windows, Linux and Mac OS X.

Just download the Windows binaries of John the Ripper, and unzip it.

Open a Command Prompt and change into the directory where John the Ripper is located, then type:
john --format=LM d:\hash.txt

crack-password-with-john-the-ripper

It will start cracking your Windows password. In my example, you can clearly see that John the Ripper has cracked the password within matter of seconds.

Final Words

John the Ripper is probably the world’s best known password cracking tool. But its lack of a GUI interface makes a bit more challenging to use. Don’t use it for illegal purposes.

2 Ways to Hide / Show Navigation Pane in Windows Explorer

July 28th, 2017 by Admin

Navigation pane missing from File Explorer in Windows 10? By default, Windows Explorer will display the navigation pane in the left-hand column, which gives you quick access to the most frequently used items like This PC, Network, Quick access and so on. If you don’t like the navigation pane, it’s very easy to get rid of it. In this tutorial we’ll show you 2 ways to hide / show navigation pane in Windows Explorer (or File Explorer).

navigation-pane-in-windows-explorer

Method 1: Hide / Show Navigation Pane in Windows Explorer Using Ribbon

  1. Press the Windows key + E hotkey to open Windows Explorer.
  2. Click the View tab, and then click the Navigation pane button in the ribbon. In the drop-down menu, you can click to check or uncheck the “Navigation pane” option. When it’s unchecked, the navigation pane will disappear from Windows Explorer.

    show-hide-navigation-pane-in-file-explorer

Method 2: Hide / Show Navigation Pane in Windows Explorer with Registry Tweak

  1. Download one of the following registry files and save it on your desktop.

    hide-navigation-pane-in-explorer.reg

    show-navigation-pane-in-explorer.reg

  2. Next, right-click on the .reg file and select Merge. If prompted by UAC, click on Yes.
  3. Click on Yes to confirm that you want to add the registry keys.

    import-registry-settings

  4. Close all Explorer windows that are currently open, and re-launch Windows Explorer. You’ll see that the navigation pane is shown or hidden in File Explorer as you expected.