Archive for the ‘Free Software’ category

How to Encrypt Your Hard Disk or USB Drive Using VeraCrypt

November 11th, 2020 by Admin

What is the best way to protect sensitive data from being stolen? Can’t enable BitLocker without TPM? VeraCrypt is a good alternative to BitLocker, which lets you create a virtual disk image for securing your sensitive files with password. In this tutorial we’ll walk you through the steps of encrypting files on your hard disk or USB drive in Windows 10 using VeraCrypt.

Part 1: Download VeraCrypt

VeraCrypt is a free open source software for real-time disk encryption, which is available for Windows, Mac OSX and Linux. Just download VeraCrypt (about 34.5Mb) from its official website. The installation is as easy as clicking Next a bunch of times.

Part 2: Create a Protected Virtual Disk Image

  1. When you open up VeraCrypt, you’ll see a listing of unused drive letters. To start, we need to create a protected virtual disk image (aka “encrypted file container”). Click on the Create Volume button.

  2. Choose “Create an encrypted file container” and click on Next.

  3. VeraCrypt supports two different types of encrypted volumes. Here we select “Standard VeraCrypt volume“.

  4. Next, use the “Select File” button to pick a name and location for the virtual disk image you wish to create. This image can be stored on a local drive or an external USB drive.

  5. Choose your encryption options. The default settings of AES and SHA-512 are good enough for most purposes.

  6. Enter your volume size. It must be large enough to hold your sensitive files.

  7. Enter a volume password which will be later used for mounting this virtual disk image.

  8. Select what file system you want to use. It is recommended to choose NTFS so you will be able to use files bigger than 4GB. In order to generate strong encryption keys, simply move your mouse randomly until the blue bar reaches the end. Click on Format.

  9. Once the volume has been successfully created, click on Exit.

  10. Your volume is actually a disk image file which you can view from File Explorer.

Part 3: Mount the Virtual Disk Image

  1. Open up VeraCrypt again, select an unused drive letter and click on “Select File” to locate your protected virtual disk image, and click on Mount.

  2. Enter your password and click OK.

  3. Your protected virtual disk image will be mounted as a new drive. Open File Explorer and you can move your sensitive files onto that drive.

Part 4: Dismount the Volume

Don’t forget to dismount the VeraCrypt volume when you no longer need to work with it. From within the VeraCrypt interface, select the drive letter of your mounted volume and click on Dismount.

Your VeraCrypt volume will be automatically dismounted after you restart or shut down your computer, so your sensitive files will remain protected.

That’s it!

How to Update Extensions (add-ons) for Microsoft Edge

August 31st, 2020 by Admin

Just like other web browsers, Microsoft Edge also supports extensions (add-ons) and you can install your favorite extensions directly from Microsoft Store. In this tutorial we’ll show you the easy way to update all existing extensions for Microsoft Edge at once.

How to Update Extensions (add-ons) for Microsoft Edge

  1. Open Microsoft Edge. Click the More Options button (three dots) in upper right corner, and then select Extensions from the drop-down menu.

  2. Turn on the Developer mode option at the bottom of the left panel.

  3. After you toggle it on, you’ll see three buttons appear next to “Installed extensions”. Just click the Update button and Microsoft Edge will immediately check and install any updates available for all installed extensions.

  4. When it’s done, you’ll get a pop-up message saying “extensions updated”.

You can use the similar method to update extensions for Chrome or other Chromium-based browsers. I would expect Microsoft Edge to give me a notification when a new update is available.

How to Change Default Font Size for Chrome Browser

August 9th, 2020 by Admin

The size of text in Chrome is too small or too large? Improper font size can make the text on the web pages hard to read. In this tutorial we’ll show you 2 easy methods to change default font size for Chrome browser.

Method 1: Change Font Size for Chrome Using Zoom Mode

Zoom mode allows you to quickly change the size for both text and images of any web site. You can set different zoom levels for each website. Here’s how:

  1. Open the Chrome browser and go to the web page for which you want to change the font size. Click on the Menu button (three vertical dots) to the right of the URL bar.
  2. In the menu that pops up, look for the “Zoom” option. The default value of Zoom is 100%. You can click + to make everything on that page bigger, or click to make things smaller.

Method 2: Change Default Font Size for Chrome via Settings

This method lets you change Chrome’s default text size for every website at once, but it won’t affect the size of images. Here’s how:

  1. Open Google Chrome on your PC, click on the Menu button (three vertical dots) on the top-right corner and then select Settings.

  2. Scroll down to the Appearance section. Click the Font Size drop-down list and you can choose the new font size for web pages: Very large, Large, Medium, Small or Very small.

  3. If you still can’t get the fonts to the proper size, just click on Customize fonts.

    You can move the slider to change the default font size to any value between 9 and 72.

That’s all there is to it!

How to Mute a Tab in Chrome, Microsoft Edge and Firefox

July 10th, 2020 by Admin

When you’re surfing the web with multiple tabs open, an ad may pop up suddenly on another tab and it starts playing sound automatically. This could put yourself into embarrassing situation if you’re in public. In this tutorial we’ll show you easy ways to mute a tab in Chrome, Microsoft Edge and Firefox.

Mute a Tab in Chrome

To mute a website in Chrome, right-click on a tab that is playing sound, and then select “Mute site” from the drop-down menu.

That tab will get muted immediately.

Mute a Tab in Microsoft Edge and Firefox

Just like Chrome, both Microsoft Edge and Firefox also offer a similar method to mute tabs individually. If you wish to mute a tab, right-click it and select the “Mute tab” option from the popup menu.

The easiest way of muting a tab is to click the small speaker icon that appears on a tab that is playing audio. Clicking the speaker icon once again will unmute the tab.


If you have tons of tabs opened in your Chrome, Microsoft Edge or Firefox browser, just look for the speaker icon on every tab and you can easily find which tab is playing background audio.

How to Export Saved Logins from Firefox Lockwise

June 8th, 2020 by Admin

How can I move saved logins and passwords in Firefox to new computer? Like other browsers, Firefox will soon allow you to export saved logins from its built-in Lockwise password manager. This feature is already implemented in Firefox Nightly. Here we’ll walk you through the steps to export saved passwords from Firefox Nightly to a CSV text file on Windows 10.

How to Export Saved Logins from Firefox Lockwise

  1. Open Firefox and click the three-line menu icon in the upper right corner, and then select “Logins and Passwords” from the pop-up menu.

  2. The Firefox Lockwise page will open in a new tab. Click the three dots icon to open the Lockwise menu and choose “Export Logins“.

  3. You’ll get a warning saying your passwords will be saved in plain text and readable to anyone who has access to the exported file. Click on the Export button to continue.

  4. Enter your Windows password to confirm your ownership of the system. Click OK.

  5. Select a target location for saving the exported logins, and click on Save.

  6. You’re done. Open the exported CSV file in a text editor or Microsoft Excel and you can view the plain-text passwords, website URLs and other information.

If you’re using an old version of Firefox which doesn’t support exporting logins, just download Password Recovery Bundle and you can extract saved credentials from Firefox as well as many other popular web browsers with ease.

How to Turn off Search Suggestions in Microsoft Edge

June 3rd, 2020 by Admin

When you start typing in the address bar of Microsoft Edge, it will instantly display search and website suggestions based on each letter you type.

If you think those search predictions are not useful, here’s how you can disable or turn off search and site suggestions as you type in Microsoft Edge.

How to Disable Search Suggestions in Microsoft Edge

  1. Open Microsoft Edge and click on the three horizontal dots (…) on the upper right corner of the browser, then select Settings from the drop-down menu.

  2. Click on the Privacy & security tab. On the right, scroll down until you find “Show search and site suggestions as I type” and turn the slider off. You’re done!

    If you’re running the new Microsoft Edge based on Chromium, select the Privacy and services tab. On the right, scroll down to the bottom, click on Address bar under the Services category.

    On the next page, turn off the “Show me search and site suggestions using my typed characters” switch.

That’s it!

Turn off Hardware Acceleration in Chrome or Microsoft Edge

January 26th, 2020 by Admin

How do I disable hardware rendering in Edge? Chrome won’t load or play videos in the webpage, no sound upon playing? To resolve these problems, you can try to disable hardware acceleration. In this tutorial we’ll show you how to turn off hardware acceleration for the most popular web browsers – Chrome and Microsoft Edge.

Part 1: Disable Hardware Acceleration in Chrome

Open your Chrome browser and type “chrome://settings/system” in the address bar, hit Enter.

Uncheck the box of “Use hardware acceleration when available“. Click on the Relaunch button appeared just now to apply the change.

Part 2: Disable Hardware Acceleration in Microsoft Edge

The new Microsoft Edge is built on the same Chromium platform as Chrome, so you can use the similar method to disable hardware acceleration in Microsoft Edge Chromium:

Open Microsoft Edge and type “edge://settings/system” in the address bar, hit Enter.

Turn off the toggle switch for “Use hardware acceleration when available“. Click on the Restart button to relaunch Microsoft Edge.

That’s it!

Configure Chrome / Firefox / Edge to Automatically Clear Cookies on Exit

October 24th, 2019 by Admin

After surfing the Web, your cookies and browsing history can remain on your computer even after the browser is closed. This can pose a potential security and privacy risk. In this tutorial we’ll show you how to set Chrome, Firefox and Microsoft Edge to automatically clear cookies, browsing history and cache when you close it.


  1. Open up your Chrome browser and type the following URL in the address bar and hit Enter.


  2. This will bring up the Cookies section. Just turn on the option named “Clear cookies and site data when you quit Chrome” or “Keep local data only until I quit my browser” depending on your Chrome version.

  3. Every time you close Chrome, it will now automatically clear your cookies and browsing data.


  1. After opening Firefox, click on the three-line icon in the top-right corner. In the drop-down menu, select Options.

  2. Select the Privacy & Security tab. Under History, click the drop-down menu next to “Firefox will:” and select “Use custom settings for history“.

  3. Check the option “Clear history when Firefox closes“, and then click on the Settings button.

  4. Choose what you want Firefox to automatically clear on exit, and click OK.

  5. When you exit your FireFox browser, your cookies and browsing history will automatically be deleted.

Microsoft Edge:

  1. Click on the three-dot icon in the top right-hand corner of your Microsoft Edge browser, and then select Settings from the drop-down menu.

  2. Choose the Privacy & security tab and click on the button “Choose what to clear“.

  3. Check the boxes for the types of browsing data you want to clear when you exit Edge. Then, turn on the option “Always clear this when I close the browser“.

  4. From now on, Microsoft Edge will automatically delete your browsing data like cookies, browsing / download history, autofill data, and other things when you close it.

2 Ways to Open Chrome in Guest Browsing Mode on Windows 10

October 6th, 2019 by Admin

Chrome browser can be started in guest mode so you don’t leave any traces like cookies, cache or browsing activities on the computer. This is useful when you need to use a public computer for private browsing. In this tutorial we’ll show 2 different ways to launch Chrome in guest browsing mode on Windows 10.

Method 1: Open a Guest Window from within Chrome

Launch the Chrome browser. Click on the Profile icon in the top right corner and then select Open Guest window.

A new window will pop up in guest mode and you can browse privately.

Method 2: Create a Shortcut to Always Start Chrome in Guest Mode

The above method requires so many steps to open a guest window. If you need to use guest mode frequently, it’s a good idea to create a desktop shortcut for launching Chrome in guest mode by default. Follow these steps:

Right-click on the Chrome desktop shortcut and select Properties from the context menu.

Switch to the Shortcut tab. Add “ --guest” at the end of the string present in the Target text box, and then click Apply.

When Chrome asks for administrator permission, click on Continue.

Now, double-click on the Chrome desktop shortcut and it will open a guest window directly.

Create Windows 10 bootable USB from ISO on Mac without BootCamp

March 21st, 2019 by Admin

How can I make a bootable Windows installation USB on Mac OS X? After upgrading to macOS Mojave, you may find that Boot Camp Assistant is no longer supported and thus creating a bootable USB turns out to be a little bit challenging. In this tutorial we’ll show you how to create Windows 10 bootable USB from ISO on Mac, by using the Terminal or third-party software like UNetbottin.

Method 1: Create Windows 10 Bootable USB on Mac Using UNetbottin

UNetbootin is a free, open source utility that allows you to create bootable USB drives on Windows, Linux, and Mac OS X. If you’ve downloaded Windows 10 ISO image, here is how you can create a bootable Windows installer USB on Mac using UNetbootin.

  1. Plug a USB drive into your Mac and open Disk Utility. Select your USB drive from the left panel and click on Info button. Note down the device name since we will need that later.

  2. Next, download and launch the UNetbottin utility. Select the “Diskimage” radio button, click “” to select a bootable ISO image.

  3. After locating your Windows 10 ISO file, click on Open.

  4. Choose Type as USB Drive and select the device name of your USB drive (you probably would’ve noted it down earlier, so refer to that). Click OK to start installing to the USB drive.

  5. This process takes several minutes or longer, depending on the size of your selected ISO image.

Method 2: Create Windows 10 Bootable USB on Mac Using Terminal

Of course, if you prefer not to use third-party software, you can still use the excellent Terminal app, which is a little bit more involved, but no additional software needs to be installed. Follow these steps:

  1. After connecting a USB drive to your Mac, open a Terminal window and type diskutil list to display all the disks attached to your machine. You have to figure out the disk identifier of the USB drive you need to format. In my example, my USB drive is mounted as “disk2” and it’s about 32GB.

  2. Next, run the following command to format your USB drive and name it “WIN10“, where # is a placeholder for the disk identifier of your USB drive.
    diskutil eraseDisk MS-DOS "WIN10" GPT disk#

  3. Now, mount your Windows 10 ISO image with the command below, assuming it’s saved the Downloads folder. In my case, it is mounted as a volume named “ESD-ISO“.
    hdiutil mount ~/Downloads/your_windows_10_image.iso

  4. Finally, run the following command to copy all the files from the mounted ISO to your USB drive.
    cp -rp /Volumes/ESD-ISO/* /Volumes/WIN10/

    This command will take a while, and once it finishes, you can disconnect the mounted ISO with this command:
    hdiutil unmount /Volumes/ESD-ISO

  5. Now you should be able to boot from the USB to install Windows 10 on your Mac or Windows machine.


These should be the easiest ways to create a Windows 10 bootable USB from ISO on Mac, without using Boot Camp Assistant. No matter which method you prefer, be sure that you backup any important data on your USB drive, as the procedure of creating bootable USB will delete everything on it.